The Survey of Western Palestine. Memoirs of The Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. Volume II: Sheets VII-XVI. Samaria.
Conder, Capt. C. R. & Captain H. H. Kitchner.
Book ID: 3911
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This comprehensive work was the first detailed survey of the area of Eastern Palestine. The whole area was submitted to the surveyors scrutiny – every town, village, Saints tomb, sacred tree, and heap of stones was meticulously recorded. Ruined cities, buildings, tombs, and interesting sites were all excavated, drawn, or photographed: place names, geological and natural history specimens, as well as antiquities, were collected, and casts of inscriptions were made.
The authors of the Survey were Lieutenants Claude Reignier Conder and Horatio Herbert Kitchener, both officers in the Royal Engineers. The volumes dealing with geology and the fauna and flora were written by specialists in those fields. The volume on the excavations at Jerusalem was written by Lt. C. Warren and Lt. Conder.
The most important act of surveying Palestine in order to acquire it later started in 1871 when the Palestine Exploration Fund sent Royal Engineers in November of that year to start surveying the country. Lieut. Claude Conder was appointed leader of the expedition, and later the expedition was joined by Lieut. Kitchner, and several other assistants. The survey was completed in 1877 after six years of work.
Bibliographic reference: Creswell 428.